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Using IVF as a Fertility Solution

Posted by on Aug 25, 2018 in Ways And Methods To Get Pregnant |

Using IVF as a Fertility Solution

The use of IVF (or In Vitro Fertilization) is one of the most common procedures being used for infertile couples. The procedure itself involves taking an egg and sperm from donors, using the sperm to fertilize the egg in a laboratory setting, and then implanting the already-fertilized egg into the uterus. The procedure was first successfully used in 1978, and has been refined in the intervening decades. In application, it is used in quite a number of different ways.
When a man and woman have had difficulty conceiving, but the woman is judged to be medically capable of carrying a fetus, the in vitro fertilization method may be put to work, using the sperm and eggs from that couple, to accomplish the fertilization itself, with the assumption that the pregnancy may progress normally once the fertilization and implantation are accomplished. This process may also be used in cases where the man’s sperm count is low, because the laboratory process of fertilization can isolate viable sperm for use in the fertilization process. Along the same lines, if a woman doesn’t ovulate regularly, the in vitro fertilization process may be used to artificially accomplish the fertilization that hasn’t been occurring naturally.

In other cases, a couple might use sperm or eggs from another donor if the sex cells of one of the partners are not viable for fertilization. In this case, the woman may still be able to carry the pregnancy even though the child is not genetically the offspring of both partners. For this reason, in vitro fertilization is a common solution for lesbian couples, with the donation of sperm cells from either a known or an anonymous donor. It is also a solution often used by gay men, with the donation of eggs as well as the help of a surrogate mother (who may or may not have been the egg donor) who is willing to carry the pregnancy.

Straight couples may also use in vitro fertilization with a surrogate mother if the female partner is medically unable to carry a pregnancy. In many of these cases, the couple may donate their own egg and sperm, and have a child who is genetically their own even though the biological mother isn’t the one who gives birth to the child.

In short, the practice of in vitro fertilization has changed the face of fertility science, enabling thousands upon thousands of people to have children who would not be able to do so “naturally.” The process itself, though much advanced since its first application, is still somewhat complicated, and expensive to undergo. Cultivation of eggs from the female donor often involves the use of hormonal medications to stimulate unusually high production of eggs, which are then removed through a minor surgical procedure. The retrieval of the eggs is accomplished by guiding a needle through the wall of the vagina and harvesting the eggs directly from the ovaries.

Within the laboratory, both eggs and sperm are examined under a microscope, and a process called sperm washing is used to remove any non-viable sperm from the sample. The sperm and egg are then introduced to one another in a test tube, where the sperm can fertilize the egg as they would within a uterus. If the sperm themselves show low motility (don’t move well), they may be injected directly into the egg. Once the fertilized embryo has developed to a certain stage, it is injected into the woman’s uterus, and the pregnancy from that point may go forward entirely naturally. It sometimes takes several tries before an embryo successfully implants, but many people are willing to undergo the hassle and expense in order to become parents.

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